Thin Starch is used for skirts and dresses when a stiff finish is not desired i.e. for something shiny but not firm. i.e. men’s shirt waists.
- 1/2 cup starch, mixed with 1/2 cup cold water
- 3 quarts boiling water
- Other ingredient above from thick start if necessary
- like lard or kerosene or even turpentine
- Cook for at least 25 minutes. Stir frequently to prevent sticking & formation of a skin.
- “Cooking thin” with alum does not affect the strength of the starch mixture and is an advantage when a stiff starch is desirable and the thick mixture would be inconvenient to handle.
- Using alum, starch may be made thin without dilution. Alum has been objected to by some persons as being somewhat injurious to fabrics.
- #3 –Other ingredients like wax, paraffin, turpentine, lard, butter
- Oily substances are used to add a smoothness, gloss, and finish, to prevent the starch from sticking to the iron, and to aid in preventing the absorption of moisture.
Alternatives are gum arabic, white glue, and dextrin.
- Substances resembling glue are used with starch to increase its stiffening power. They are sometimes used alone when the white color of starch is considered a disadvantage in stiffening colored fabrics.